MILITÄR DARF AL-BASHIRS ANGRIFF AUF DIE MENSCHENRECHTE NICHT FORTSETZEN

Nach monatelangen Protesten gegen den sudanesischen Präsidenten Omar al-Bashir erklärte die Armee, sie habe in der Hauptstadt Khartum einen Putsch durchgeführt und werde nun eine neue Übergangsregierung bilden.

“Die Übergangsbehörden müssen einen friedlichen Machtwechsel im Sudan ermöglichen – das heißt, Meinungs- sowie Versammlungsfreiheit zu gewährleisten und dem Blutvergießen und der Unterdrückung im Land ein Ende zu setzen.”
Kumi NaidooInternationaler Generalsekretär von Amnesty International

Weitere Informationen über die Amtsenthebung und Fakten zu den Protesten im Sudan finden Sie hier.

Amnesty International Urges South Sudan to Address National Security Service Violations and Crimes

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL PUBLIC STATEMENT
AI Index: AFR 65/0011/2019 12 March 2019

Speaking at the UN Human Rights Council today, Amnesty International said they shared the concerns of the United Nations Commission on Human Rights in South Sudan over the continued impunity for crimes committed during the conflict and the illegal conduct of the National Security Service (NSS) that, as noted in the Commission’s report, risks turning “South Sudan into a police state built on fear and corruption.”

Amnesty International’s research has found that the National Security Service and Military Intelligence have arbitrarily arrested, detained, tortured and ill-treated hundreds of people since the start of the conflict in December 2013, some to the point of death. People have been forcibly disappeared and continue to be harassed, arrested and detained without charge, and kept in holding facilities with no access to their families, medical treatment, or legal representation. Amnesty International urges the Government to amend the 2014 National Security Service Act to make it compliant with international human rights law.

Amnesty International is extremely concerned about the use of the death penalty in South Sudan. In February 2019 alone, the authorities executed at least seven people. This is as many as were executed in the whole of 2018. Amnesty International calls on the Government to establish an official moratorium on executions, with a view towards abolishing the death penalty.

The Commission’s report makes clear the need for independent investigations and prosecutions into alleged violations of international humanitarian law, including killing of civilians and sexual violence. The Commission’s mandate is unique and crucial in this regard, and Amnesty International called on all States at the Human Rights Council, including South Sudan, to support its full renewal under Item 4 during its current session.

Public Document Amnesty International, Office for East Africa, the Horn and the Great Lakes, 3rd Flr Parkfield Place, Kanjata Road, off Waiyaki Way Westlands, Nairobi, Kenya www.amnesty.org ****************************************

Joint Letter to UN Security Council on UNMISS Mandate

Since the latest conflict in South Sudan began more than five years ago, government and opposition forces and their allied militias have consistently targeted civilians and deliberately obstructed humanitarian agencies from reaching people in need and attacking humanitarian workers. Government and opposition forces have attacked health facilities and schools, burnt villages and looted civilian property, exacerbating a dire humanitarian situation and contributing to the creation of yet another lost generation.

A succession of ceasefires, and two peace agreements, have been signed since the crisis erupted in December 2013, all of which have been violated within a matter of days.

Parties to the conflict continue to commit crimes under international law and other serious human rights violations with near total impunity, wanton brutality and a complete disregard for human life. The government’s failure to hold to account alleged perpetrators of crimes under international law signals to them that their actions will go unpunished, and helps perpetuate the destructive cycles of violence, revenge attacks and conflict in the country.

This situation and the hostile operating environment has made it difficult for the UN Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) to fulfil the four pillars of its mandate, namely: to protect civilians, help create conditions for the delivery of humanitarian assistance, monitor and report on human rights violations and abuses, and support the implementation of the peace agreement.

However, UNMISS still has a crucial role to play in South Sudan and the upcoming review of its mandate offers an opportunity to reflect on the changes needed to enable it to effectively execute its mandate.

To begin with, the Security Council should make strong demands on the Government of South Sudan (GoSS) to immediately take concrete and verifiable steps to improve this environment, and the Security Council must be ready to maintain and impose further travel bans and seize financial assets of individuals who are suspected of perpetrating crimes under international law or serious other human rights violations, or misusing public resources to finance such crimes or violations.

The full letter with further explanations can be found here.

South Sudan: Government summoned before regional court in step towards justice

7 March 2019, 19:20 UTC

In a positive development, the Government of South Sudan has been summoned to appear before the East African Court of Justice (EACJ) on 25 March 2019 over the arbitrary arrest and detention of businessman and philanthropist Kerbino Agok Wol.

The South Sudanese government, and particularly its National Security Service (NSS), is allegedly responsible for widespread human rights violations including arbitrary arrest and detention, and torture and ill-treatment in detention, which are committed with rampant impunity. This is the first time ever that the South Sudan government has been taken to the regional court for human rights violations committed by the NSS.

“Amnesty International welcomes this judicial development which offers a ray of hope for the people of South Sudan who have endured seemingly endless human rights violations and abuses with no justice in sight until now,” said Seif Magango, Amnesty International’s Deputy Director for East Africa, the Horn and the Great Lakes.

On 6 March, the East African Court of Justice sitting in Arusha, Tanzania, upon hearing an application by the Pan-African Lawyers Union (PALU), summoned South Sudan’s Advocate-General to appear before it on 25 March.
He will be required to explain why Kerbino has still not been presented before a competent and impartial court, 10 months after his arrest on 27 April 2018. He will also have to explain why the authorities froze Kerbino’s assets and closed his bank accounts, and why he was not granted formal access to his family, doctors and lawyers.

South Sudan’s Advocate-General will be required to explain why Kerbino Wol has still not been presented before a competent and impartial court, 10 months after his arrest on 27 April 2018.         

Kerbino Wol was arbitrarily arrested and detained without charge after presenting himself to the NSS in response to the security agency’s summons. He was initially detained at the Blue House detention centre, which is notorious for torture and other ill-treatment.

Following a riot at the Blue House detention centre on 7 October 2018, he was reportedly put under solitary confinement, after which his health seriously deteriorated, Amnesty International has confirmed.

Several days after the riot, the authorities seized Kerbino properties and froze his personal and business bank accounts.

 “This court decision could open up a much-needed alternative pathway for justice for victims of human rights violations in South Sudan because the national justice system has failed dismally,” said Seif Magango.

“The government of South Sudan must see this as a wake-up call and reform its national justice system and take its obligation to investigate and prosecute alleged human rights violations seriously.”

Background

Kerbino Wol is one of hundreds of people illegally arrested and detained without charge by South Sudanese authorities for months, sometimes even years. Yet the release of detainees is a key pillar of the September 2018 peace agreement. While a few detainees have been released, many remain locked up, and arbitrary arrests by the NSS continue with impunity.

Creative disruption: How Sudanese protesters have used art to sustain demos


The protests in Sudan are in their third month now. The government’s response has been brutal with many protesters killed, and many others arrested, tortured or ill-treated in detention. People’s homes have been raided, patients in hospitals attacked with tear gas and live ammunition, among them children and the elderly. But the people have remained resolute in exercising their right to freedom of assembly.

More information can be found here.

Verschlagwortet mit

Sudan: ‘Not guilty’ verdict welcome but torture in prison must be investigated

AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL
QUOTE

22 January 2019

Responding to the ‘not guilty’ verdict issued today at the re-trial of Sudanese student activist, Asim Omar Hassan, who was originally sentenced to death for killing a police officer during protests in 2016, Joan Nyanyuki, Amnesty International’s Director for East Africa, the Horn and the Great Lakes, said:

“We join Asim’s family in celebrating this good news which comes as a huge relief after he was originally sentenced to death for a crime he did not commit.”

“The authorities must however conduct an independent and effective investigation into allegations that he was tortured in prison. Though Asim has been acquitted, justice can only truly be done once the officials responsible for his ill-treatment are held to account, and he has been provided with appropriate redress for his injuries and imprisonment.”

The Sudanese authorities must review laws that allow for the torture and ill-treatment of detainees, notably by the National Intelligence and Security Services and the police.”

 

Background

Asim Omar was arrested on 2 May 2016 and accused of killing a police officer during protests at the University of Khartoum the previous month. He pleaded not guilty but was convicted and sentenced to death on 24 September 2017.

He successfully appealed the sentence, and the judge ordered a re-trial of his case in August 2018. While in prison, he alleges that he was severely beaten by prison guards sustaining injuries on one of his legs, his testicles and his ears that rendered him incapable of appearing in court for one of the sessions.

Public Document

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For more information or to arrange an interview please contact Catherine Mgendi on:
+254 737 197 614
email: catherine.mgendi@amnesty.org   

Verschlagwortet mit

Sudan: Security forces continue deadly onslaught on protestors and medical personnel

18 January 2019

Spokespersons available to take media interviews

Sudan’s security forces must stop their ongoing deadly onslaught on protesters and medical personnel, Amnesty International said today following the death of a doctor, a man and a child from gunshot wounds inflicted during the 17 January protests in Khartoum’s Burri district. 

The organization also received reports of further raids of medical facilities by security personnel, who fired teargas inside hospitals and assaulted doctors. 

“It is an outrage that Sudanese security forces continue to use lethal force on protestors and key service providers like doctors, killing people in an unbridled spree that is even affecting children, said Sarah Jackson, Amnesty International’s Deputy Director for East Africa, the Horn and the Great Lakes.

The Sudanese authorities must immediately take charge of the security forces and ensure they stop using lethal force against protestors. They must also bring to an immediate end the continued onslaught against medical facilities and personnel, injured protestors and other people seeking treatment in hospitals, which constitutes violations of the rights to health and personal integrity.”

Amnesty International spoke to a medical doctor on duty at Al Faisal Specialized Hospital in Khartoum on Thursday, who said security forces raided the hospital in the afternoon, fired teargas and arrested him and another doctor, as well as two other medical staff. The medics, who were beaten during the arrest, were detained and interrogated at the National Intelligence and Security Services offices. He was released without charge after 8:30pm, while the others were released several hours later.

The organization also verified videos shared on social media and via WhatsApp showing security forces opening fire on protesters gathered at a football pitch near a mosque in Khartoum’s Burri district on Thursday. At least one fell to the ground as a result of his injury and had to be carried away by other protesters. The injured were reportedly taken to Royal Care Hospital, where many protesters remained overnight.  

On 17 January, Sudan’s security forces fired teargas into homes and buildings in the Burri area, an outright contravention of international guidelines on the use of force that require all force to comply with the principles of necessity and proportionality and forbid the use of teargas in confined spaces.

“This blatant violation of national and international laws must stop immediately, and independent and impartial investigations must be promptly launched into all allegations of human rights violations, including the deaths reported in the context of the protests, so that all those found responsible are brought to justice in fair trials,” said Sarah Jackson.

“By participating in these protests, the people of Sudan are exercising their legitimate rights to freedom of expression and peaceful assembly. Instead of trying to curtail these rights, the government should address the root causes of the economic crisis that has driven the people to the streets.”

Sudan: Security officers pursue injured protestors into hospital

10 January 2019

Spokespersons available to take media interviews

Sudanese security officers last night entered a hospital and fired live bullets and teargas horrifying patients and hospital staff as they pursued people seeking treatment after they sustained gunshot injuries during protests earlier in the day in Omdurman, on the outskirts of Khartoum.

The security officers opened fire in the hospital court yard and then marched into the emergency and medical sections of the Omdurman Hospital roughing up both patients and doctors.

“This attack on a hospital is an outrageous violation of international law. Patients and doctors in Omdurman Hospital were attacked with tear gas and live bullets as Sudanese security forces ramped up their mission to suppress peaceful protests,” said Amnesty International’s Deputy Director for East Africa, the Horn and the Great Lakes, Sarah Jackson.

“There must be an urgent investigation into this horrific attack, and all officers involved must be held accountable. The Government of Sudan must also take immediate action to stop the practice of shooting protesters and respect the Sudanese people’s right to freedom of expression.”

Since 19 December 2018 there have been more than 380 protests across Sudan against the high cost of living. More than 40 people have been killed and many more have sustained debilitating injuries as government security officers violently cracked down on protestors. More than 1,000 people have been arrested.

On 9 January, at least three people were killed when security forces opened fire on protestors in Omdurman, while eight people were hospitalized with gunshot wounds in the head, chest, stomach and legs.

 

Amnesty International today called for the urgent release of a man who was shot and injured in protests on December 25 and is now being held by the security officers from the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS).

Yasser Elsir Ali, 57, sustained serious injuries at a protest in Khartoum, the capital of Sudan. A bullet fractured his ribs, punctured a lung, and lodged in his spinal cord.  After being stabilized in hospital, Yasser was due to travel to the United Arab Emirates for specialized spinal treatment but was arrested by NISS officers on 5 January. His whereabouts remain unknown.

“The Sudanese authorities must immediately release Yasser Elsir Ali and allow him to go for treatment. His life is in jeopardy and he needs urgent specialized medical attention,” said Sarah Jackson.

“They must also immediately and unconditionally release those people who have been arrested simply for peacefully protesting. It is not a crime to call for a better standard of living.”

Sudan: 37 protesters dead in government crackdown on demonstrations  

24 December 2018, 21:02 UTC

Amnesty International has credible reports that 37 protesters have been shot dead by the security forces in five days of anti-government demonstrations that have rocked the country.

“With further protest planned tomorrow, the fact that the security forces are using lethal force so indiscriminately against unarmed protesters is extremely troubling,” said Sarah Jackson, Amnesty International’s deputy director for East Africa, the Great Lakes and the Horn.

“With dozens already dead, the government must rein in this deadly use of force and prevent more unnecessary bloodshed. Instead of trying to stop people from demonstrating, the authorities should be focusing on ending longstanding repression of human rights and resolving the economic crisis that have collectively precipitated these protests.”


Background

For further information see https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2018/12/sudan-shooting-of-protestors-must-be-immediately-investigated/

Sudan: Shooting of protestors must be immediately investigated

21 December 2018, 16:51 UTC                      

In response to security officers opening fire on protestors in Sudan leaving at least nine people dead, five of whom were students, and dozens more injured over the past two days, Seif Magango, Amnesty International’s Deputy Director for East Africa, the Horn and the Great Lakes, said:        

“These killings must stop. Opening fire on unarmed protesters cannot be justified and what is clearly needed now is an independent, efficient investigation into these events. All those responsible for unnecessary or excessive use of force, including those with command responsibility, must be brought to justice.”

“The government must also immediately and unconditionally release all those arrested for peacefully exercising their right to freedom of expression, association and assembly.”

The government must address the root cause of the rapidly deteriorating economic conditions in the country instead of trying to prevent people from fully exercising their right to protest against the growing hardships they are facing.


Background

Sudan is currently experiencing a severe economic crisis which has led to a rise in the cost of fuel, electricity, transport, food and medicine provoking countrywide protests. Since 14 December, tens of thousands of people have been taking part in protests in different parts of the country including in Wad Madani, Port Sudan, Gebeit, Al-Qadarif, Atbara, Berber, Dongla, Karima, Al-Damazin, Al Obeid, Al Fasher, Khartoum and Omdurman. Security officers on Wednesday and Thursday shot at protestors to disperse them killing six people in Al Qadarif, one in Berber and two in Karima. The government has also shut down the internet since 20 December, in yet another attempt to stop the protests.